GIANT (Geographic Indications and International Trade)
See the GIANT Cases
The GIANT Project hopes to serve as a base of research through which academics and students around the world learn about geographic indications, their impacts on trade today, and the numerous debates being waged around the world on their behalf.
Jim Lee at American University created a database of case studies highlighting the intersection between trade, culture, and environment in the global economy. The Trade and Environment Database (TED) includes many cases on a diverse range of topics. One focus is culturally and geographically indicated products such as Tequila, Parmesan or Champagne.
The GIANT Project builds on the work of TED but with a focus specifically on geographic indications: intellectual property claims that are increasingly dominating international trade talks today. Though geographic indications have been around in various forms for over one hundred years, countries have only recently begun staking legal claims to products once thought to be generic, such as parmesan cheese, catfish, and whiskey. As international trade barriers continue to fall, geographic indications represent a new type of trade restriction that hold important implications for industries and countries worldwide.