Inventory of Conflict and Environment


ICE Search Engine

Try the Combined Search and Scenario Site


January 2017  New Worlds (298-303)
January 2014  Livelihoods (288-297)
June 2013  Making the Connection (274-287)
January 2012  Climate Change and Violent Conflict (251-273)
August 2011  Climate Change and Violent Conflict (237-250)
December 2010  Future Cases of Climate Change and Conflict (219-236)
May 2007  Climate Change and Conflict in the 21st Century (200-218)
December 2006  Comparing Past and Present (192-199)
July 2006  Cross-Listing TED Cases (187-198)
May 2006  Separatism and the Environment (168-186)
December 2005  Nature, People and Land (159-167)
August 2005  The Impacts and Role of Nature (147-158)
July 2005 Cross-Listing TED Cases (132-146)
December 2004  Resources Worth Fighting For (118-131)
December 2003  Ancient Conflict Environment (107-117)
June, 2002  Cross-Listing TED Cases (96-106)
May 2002 Conflict’s Impact on Environment (91-95)
December 2001  Eclectic Cases, Old and New (87-90)
May 2001  Real Stuff: Energy and Minerals (81-86)
December 2000  Blood Diamonds and Regional Conflict (79-80)
May 1998  How Environment Impacts Security (65-78)
December 1997  Types of Resource Conflicts (36-64)
August 1997  Types of Livelihood Conflicts (1-35)

ICE Cases, August 1997

    1. NILE Nile and Conflict , by Michele Ameri
    2. ERITREA Eritrea and Ethiopian Civil War , by Tracy L. Cousin
    3. SUDAN Civil War in the Sudan: Resources or Religion? , by D. Michelle Domke
    4. MURUROA French Nuclear Tests in South Pacific , by Tish Falco
    5. PERECWAR Peru Ecuador Border Dispute , by Jeffrey Franco
    6. JORDAN Jordan River Dispute, by Lilach Grunfeld
    7. CODWAR Cod Dispute Between Iceland and the United Kingdom, by David Kassebaum
    8. KURILE Kurile Islands Dispute
    9. KUWAIT Environmental and Economic Repercussions of the Persian Gulf War on Kuwait, by Melissa Krupa
    10. NAGORNO Nagorno War and Armenian Deforestation
    11. KALIMAN Ethnic Conflict and Deforestation in Kalimantan, Indonesia , by Dianne Linder
    12. BELIZE Belize Logging Conflict, by Juliet Litterer
    13. CHIAPAS Chiapas Civil War and Environment, by Amanda Marx
    14. LITANI Litani River and Israel-Lebanon, by Angela Joy Moss
    15. PETEN Guatemala-Maya Civil War and Deforestation, by Barbara Pando
    16. FALK The Falklands/Malvinas Conflict and Oil, by Sebastian Pawlowski
    17. IRNUKE Russian Sale of Nuclear Weapons to Iran, by Tracey Pratt
    18. AOZOU The Aozou Strip, Uranium and Libya-Chad Conflict, by Michael E. Pukrop
    19. JOHNS Johnston Atoll Chemical Waste
    20. ASSYRIA Nebuchadnezzer’s Defense of Babylon, by David Kassebaum
    21. SPRATLY Spratly Islands Dispute and Oil, by Jay Krasnow
    22. ELSALV El Salvador Civil War, by Stephanie Weinberg
    23. RWANDA Rwanda and Conflict, by Tara Mitchell
    24. SAHARA Sahara Dispute and Environment, by Shari Berke
    25. DANUBE Danube River Dispute, with materials from Jerry Fortunato, Kevin Kurland, Leslie Barcus, and Tara Mitchell (Spring, 1997)
    26. TUPAC Tupac Amaru, Deforestation and Peru, Julissa Castellanos (January, 1998)
    27. NIGER Fulani and Zarma tribes pushed into fights by Desertification?: Desertification in Niger, by Andrew H. Furber
    28. DIAOYU Diaoyutai Islands Dispute, by Cheng-China Huang
    29. SUBIC Toxic Waste in the U.S. Base in Subic, by Misa Kemmiya
    30. ANGOLA Angola Diamond Mining and War, by Lloyd R. Lewis III
    31. POACH Revisiting the Ban on African Elephant Ivory, N. Lowery
    32. SOCCER Soccer War, by Danielle Morello
    33. USSURI Sino-Soviet Amur Conflict, by Julianna Peresvetova
    34. VIETNAM Vietnam and Herbicides, by Hang Pham
    35. ARSENAL Arsenal Base Clean-Up, Brian Shannon

ICE Cases, December 1997

    1. ALASKA The United States-Canada Border Dispute, by Karen E. Smith
    2. RUSSSUB Komsomolets Disaster, by Vincent Bonner
    3. WALL The Great Wall of China, by Damian Zimmerman
    4. BOERWAR Anglo-Boer: Britain’s Vietnam (1899-1902), by Tracy L. Cousin
    5. AEGEAN Disputing the Continental Shelf Region in the Aegean Sea, by Chip Arvantides
    6. GRAINWAR Intellectual Property Rights & Biotechnology: Indian Seed Conflicts
    7. BRAZMIGR Brazilian Migration to Amazon and the Environment Consequences, by Elizabeth Crittenden
    8. BIAFRA The Biafra War, by Karen Ekpenyong
    9. GAZA Water and Conflict in the Gaza Strip, by Stephanie Goeller, (January, 1998)
    10. HORMUZ The Strait of Hormuz: Potential for Conflict, by Christopher Hoch, (January, 1998)
    11. KIKUYU Ethnic Cleansing and the Environment in Kenya, by Doug Jacobsen, (January, 1998)
    12. BUFFALO The Buffalo Harvest, by Dina Lehman
    13. CHACO The Chaco War, by Ryan Lindsay
    14. MORSPAIN Morocco, Spain and Fishing, by Jeremy Martin
    15. NOVALYA Novalya Zemlya, by Carrie McVicker
    16. CHILEDAM The Bio-Bio River Case, Chile, by Carl Meachum
    17. DMZ Korean Demilitarized Zone as a Bioreserve, by Nichole Neufeld
    18. CAUVERY Cauvery Water Dispute, by Alisa Pereria
    19. HAITIDEF Deforestation in Haiti, by Kristen Picariello (December 18, 1997)
    20. GUYANA Gold and Native Rights (Venezuela), by Colleen Reed (November, 1997)
    21. LESWATER The Lesotho “Water Coup”, by Alex Roney (November, 1997)
    22. BRONZE Bronze Trade in Ancient Rome, Recycling and War (Cross Link to TED case 224), by Brian K. Schwab (June 1995)
    23. KORFAMIN North Korea Famine, by Jennifer S. Wolfe (January, 1998)
    24. CEDARS Cedars of Lebanon, Babylon and Conflict, by Ben Kasoff
    25. MARSH Marsh Arabs & Iraq, by Robert Cohen
    26. GUANO Guano Wars of the 1800s, by Jim Lee and Casey Quan
    27. CANFISH Canada and Spain Fish Conflict, by James Bensler
    28. KHMER Khmer Rouge and Wood Exports
    29. OGONIOIL Ogoni and Nigeria conflict over Oil, by Jim Lee, Kerstin Moesinger and Amy MaglioICE Cases, May 1998
    30. SOMWASTE Somalia Waste Imports and Civil War (TED Cross List), by Michael Poaletta
    31. LEBWASTE Lebanon Civil War and Waste Dumping (TED Cross List), by Sawsan Al-Ali
    32. CANFISH Canada and Spain Fish Conflict (Parallel TED Cross Lists), by James Bensler
    33. JAYAMINE Irian Jaya Mine (TED Cross List), by James Lang
    34. ARALSEA Aral Sea, Environment and Security Issues (TED Cross List)
    35. COCAINE Cocaine, Environment and Conflict, by Carl Scott and Deborah M. Ullmer(
    36. BLUENILE Nile River Dispute, by Heather Hamilton
    37. SERBSANC Serbia Sanctions and Economic Impact (TED Cross List), by Jeff Lynch
    38. YALU The Yalu River and its Security Implications for China, by Dong Jun Na (May, 1998)
    39. IRANIRAQ Iran-Iraq War and Waterway Claims, by Brad Martsching (May, 1998)
    40. SOMWAR Somalia: The Fallen Country, by Tracey L. Cousin
    41. WESTBANK West Bank and Water (December, 1997)
    42. TIGRIS Tigris-Euphrates River Dispute, by Tevfik Emin Kor (November, 1997)
    43. KASHMIRI Conflict and the Environment in Kashmir, by Jennifer CrookICE Cases, December 2000
    44. DIAMOND-SL Diamond Registry and Sierra Leone Civil War, by Carl von Berneuth
    45. CONGO Congo Diamonds and Domestic and International Conflict, by Nadia MartineICE Cases, May 2001
    46. URANIUMDEPLETE Depleted Uranium in the Balkans, by Chris Danielewski
    47. LIBERIADIAMONDS Liberia, Trade, Environment and Conflict, by Benjamin Hofstatter
    48. SUDANSANCTIONS The Civil War in Sudan: The Human Price of Oil, by Sarah Sitarek
    49. HAWAIIBOMBS Kaho’olawe: Cultural and Environmental Impacts of Military Bomb Testing in in Hawai’i, by Cheryl Lewis
    50. BURMA-PIPE-CONFLICT Burma Gas Pipeline and Ethic Conflict (Cross Link to TED case), by Zaw Oo
    51. ACEH, Aceh, Oil and Conflict, by Jeremy Schanck
      ICE Cases, December 2001
    52. AMPHETAMINE, Amphetamines Trade between Burma and Thailand, by May Aung
    53. CONGO-COLTAN, Congo War and the Role of Coltan, by Natalie Ware
    54. ICEMAN The Iceman (Cross Link to TED Case 647), by Gisella Casanovas
    55. CHINA-NUCLEAR Nuclear Energy: A US/China Trade Issue (Cross-link to TED Case 659), by Melanie MorkTo Top of Page ^ICE Cases, May 2002
    56. NICARAGUA-HONDURAS Nicaragua and Honduras Territorial Dispute, by Rebecca DeMar (June 2002)
    57. URANIUM-TRAINING Uranium and US Overseas Military Training, by Jusuf Fuduli (June 2002)
    58. CHECHNYA Chechnya Conflict and Environmental Implications, by Christopher Ingold (June 2002)
    59. VINELAND Vikings and Native American Conflict in the New World, by Jim Lee (June 2002)
    60. KOREA-JAPAN-ISLANDS Korea and Japan Island Dispute, by Kunwoo Kim (June 2002)

TED Cross Listings, June 2002

    1. TEAK Teak Deforestation and Trade in Southeast Asia and Conflict (Cross Link to TED Case 200), by Kevin T. Kunkel and Teri Emmons (June 1995)
    2. LANDMINE Landmines, Cleanup and Trade (Cross link the TED case 295), by Sean D. Morris (June 1996)
    3. INDOBANG India-Bangladesh Dispute on the Ganges River, by xxx
    4. MEKONG Mekong Dam in Laos and Environmental Impacts (Cross link to TED case 258), by Paul F. Macek (January 1996)
    5. CANCOD Canada Cod Case (Cross link to TED case 13), by James Benseler (September 1992)
    6. PAPUA Papua New Guinea Gold Mining, Exports and Environmental Impacts (Cross Link to TED case 177), by Michael Booth and Alyssa Bleck (January 1995)
    7. TURBOT Canada and Spain Fishing Feud (Cross Link to TED Case 114), by Thomas Jandl (January 1994)
    8. ABUMUSA Abu Musa Island, Sovereignty Claims and Environmental Resources (Link to TED case 369), by W. Corbett Dabbs (January 1997)
    9. RUSSNUKE Russia Nuclear Technology Exports to India (Cross Link to TED case 342), by Mark A. Scheuer (June 1996)
    10. HAITI Haiti Sanctions and Economic Impact (Cross Link to TED case 389), by Jeff Lynch (June 1996)
    11. IRAQSANC Iraqi Sanctions and Economic Impact (Cross Link to TED case 390), by Jeff Lynch (June 1996)

ICE Cases, December 2003

    1. SATELLITE-DRIFTNETS Over Fishing and the Use of Satellites in Monitoring and Protecting the Fish Population, by Anthony M. Kopetchny (January 2003)
    2. SENEGAL-MAURITANIA Roots of Conflict Between Senegal and Mauritania, by Bremmer Kneib
    3. HADRIAN Hadrian’s Wall, by Chris Zweifel
    4. OLIVE-TREE Uprooting Olive Trees in the West Bank, by Atyah Alwazir
    5. NEANDERTHAL Neanderthal Extinction and Climate Change, by James Lee
    6. MAYA The Decline of the Mayan Empire and Climate Change, by Matthew Markowitz
    7. ANASAZI Anasazi, Water and their Disappearance, by Matthew Markowitz
    8. ROBINHOOD Robin Hood and Conflict over Forest Resources, by James Lee
    9. LEBANON-LANDMINE Lebanon and Landmines, by Ibrahim Debbas
    10. LIBERIA-AMERICA Repatriates to Africa and Links to Current Civil Conflict, by Kimberly Jackson
    11. MINDANAO The Conflict in Mindanao, Terrorism, and Environmental Factors, by Alyson SlackICE Cases, December 2004
    12. AMUR Amur River and Russia and China Territorial Dispute (TED Cross List), by Kung Mao Ya
    13. VIEQUES Viegues, Puerto Rico, and War Testing, by David Faust
    14. DIEGO-GARCIA Diego Garcia and Human Rights in Conflict, by Joshua Harris
    15. BARENTS Barents Sea and Norway’s and Russia’s Claims, by Randi Laegreid
    16. TALIBAN-POPPY Taliban, Poppy Trade and Support for Conflict, by Alison Lawlor
    17. LANKA-CONFLICT, Sri Lanka Civil War Conflict and Environment, by Kurt Brockman and Ryan Walkiewicz
    18. AQUIFER, Deep Aquifers and Sovereign Claims Underground of Nations, by Benjamin Long
    19. OPIUM-BURMA, Opium Trade and Burma, by Ivan Obetsanov, Chris Rutherford, and Steve Sommer
    20. ZIMBABWE Zimbabwe Land Conflict, by Sammi Green
    21. CONGO-WOOD Congo, Charcoal and Conflict Resources, by Rensselear Resch
    22. TYROL Tyrol and Land , by Sonia Steinbrech
    23. CABINDA Cabinda Enclave in Angola, Oil and Conflict, by Alan Neff
    24. JAPAN-OIL Japan, World War II and the Need for Oil, by Yuichi Arima
    25. CONFLICT-TIMBER Conflict over Timber Resources in Indonesia, by Joshua Kleymeyer

TED Cross Listings, July 2005

    1. ATATURK Turkey, Ataturk Dam and Downstream Disputes, by Nathan Martz (TED Cross-list #186)
    2. BENIN Benin and Nuclear Disposal, by Senamede Beheton (TED Cross-list #192)
    3. ARCTIC Impact of USSR Nuclear Testing on Arctic Sea, by Hilde Elin Haaland, Chad Cummins and Shehu Ibrahim (TED Cross-list #204)
    4. JAPANSEA Impact of USSR Nuclear Testing on Japan Sea, by Takashi Morioka (TED Cross-list #255)
    5. KOMSO Russian Nuclear Disaster and Environment Impact, by Vincent P. Bonner (TED Cross-list #267)
    6. LUCKY US Hydrogen Bomb Tests and Fish and Human Impacts, by Atsuko Toi (TED Cross-list #310)
    7. PACIFICO Oil in Pacifico Region of Colombia and Indigenous Rights, by Lina Betancourt (TED Cross-list #494)
    8. LATVIAOIL Latvia and Russia Dispute and Oil Trade, by Anna Ferus (TED Cross-list #505)
    9. RUSSOIL Russian Oil, Indigenous People and Environment, by Sarah Shields (TED Cross-list #499)
    10. GUMARAB Guam Arab Trade and Support for Terror in Sudan, by Daniel K. Kim (TED Cross-list #507)
    11. MALACCA Malacca Straits and Environment and Conflict Aspects, by Sharina Gan Suat Ling ( (TED Cross-list #573)
    12. NATO NATO and Use of Uranium in Military Operations, by Joe Lumpkin (TED Cross-list #581)
    13. IRANPIPELINE Iran to India Pipeline, Conflict and Environment, by Shamila N. Chaudhary (TED Cross-list #611)
    14. JAMES James Bay, Electric Power and Conflict with Indigenous Groups, by Mary-Ellen Foley and Andrew Hamm (TED cross-list #91)
    15. CHOCOLATE-SLAVE Chocolate and Slavery: Child Labor in the Ivory Coast, by Samlanchith Chanthavong (TED cross-list #664)

ICE Cases, August 2005

    1. PLAGUE The Bubonic Plague and the Impact on Venice, by Cara Murphy
    2. ARMADA The Spanish Armada Destruction, by Cerena Mitchell
    3. POMPEII The Destruction of Pompeii and Impact on Roman Empire, by Jackie Gonzalez
    4. NOAH Noah, the Flood, and Water as a Weapon, by Leika Lewis
    5. TUAREG Tuaregs and Civil Conflict in West Africa, by Ann Hershkowitz
    6. KIRKUK Ethnic Conflict and Oil in Iraq, by Raul Burgos
    7. NARMADA The Narmada Dam and Ethnic Conflict in India, by Talib Ellison
    8. ZULU The Zulu and British Wars, by Melissa Barkalow
    9. YANOMAMI The Yanomami in Brazil’s Amazon and Conflict, by Stephanie Bier
    10. URRA Urra Dam in Colombia, by Regina Kreger
    11. CHIAPAS-BIOPIRACY The Chiapas Conflict and Bio-Piracy, by Andrew Willis
    12. SAAR German and French Conflict over Alsace, by Sam HenzeICE Cases, December 2005
    13. ORCHID-WASTE Nuclear Waste Dumping On Orchid Island in Taiwan, by Hui-Yun Chung
    14. KATRINA Hurricane Katrina and Violence, by Jessica Hulse
    15. INDIA-CHINA India and China Border Dispute , by Yuki Kawaguchi
    16. PARANA Land Conflict Use in the Parana Area of Brazil, by Laura Molinari
    17. NIGERIA-CAMEROON Nigeria and Cameroon Kasi Region Border Dispute, by Felicia Price
    18. PYGMY Pygmies in the Congo Basin and Conflict, by Raja Seshadri
    19. TSUNAMI-ACEH The Impact of the Asian Tsunami on the Conflict in Aceh in Indonesia, by Svetlana Sinitchkina
    20. BOLIVIA-GAS The Role of Gas in Bolivian Civil Unrest, by Jason Wilcox
    21. GOBI The Southward Spread of the Gobi Desert and Civil Unrest in China, by Li Zeng

ICE Cases, May 2006

    1. BAGLIHAR Baglihar Dam, by Usman Ahmad
    2. PANAMA-CANAL The Panama Canal and the U.S. Columbia War, by Benjamin Bodnar
    3. SARAYACU Not In My Backyard! The Sarayaku’s Fight Against Oil Development in the Ecuadorian Amazon , by Karyn Butcher
    4. MOHENJO , Mohenjo-Daro, Aryan Invasions and Shifting Environments, by Jim Lee
    5. BOLIVIA-CHILE Conflict in the Atacama, by Jacqueline Carpenter
    6. ITURI Gold and Ethnic Conflict in the Ituri Region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, by Kristin Drake
    7. AZTEC Cortés and Aztec Gold: Initial Conflict and Modern Political Ecology, by Stuart Matthews
    8. TIBET Environmental Degradation in the Tibetan Autonomous Region, by Patrick T. Hughes
    9. KOREA-DAM North Korean Dam and Security Aspects, by Sgt. Sungwoon Kang
    10. GUATEMALA-BELIZE The UK Dispute with Guatemala over Belize, by Jennifer Meyer
    11. KHUZHESTAN Khuzestan: Oil, Ethnicity, and Conflict in Iran, by Gregory Noll
    12. ARMENIA-FOREST Armenian Independence and Deforestation, by Diana Piloyan Boudjikanian
    13. OSSETIA South Ossetian Separatism in Georgia, by Rebecca Ratliff
    14. DIVINE-WIND The Mongol Invasion of Japan: The “Divine Wind” Case , by Debbie Royal
    15. MOLDOVA Transnistria-Moldova Conflict, by Olga Savceac
    16. XINJIANG Ethnic Conflict and Natural Resources: Xinjiang, China , by ICE Research Team
    17. TSUNAMI-THAILAND The Impact of the Asian Tsunami on Southern Thailand Religious Strife ,by Erin Teeling
    18. NORTHWEST-PASSAGE Canadian Sovereignty at the Northwest Passage , by Alicia Zorzetto
    19. CHOSIN Chinese Winter Offensive in Korean War: The Debacle of American strategy , by Kanoko Tokuno

TED Cross Listings 2006

    1. AZERI, Azerbaijan and Oil, by Michael Goulet (TED case #156 cross list)
    2. KAZAKH, Kazakstan and Oil, by Vincent Bonner (TED case #256 cross list)
    3. CASPOIL, Caspian Sea and Disputes over Sovereignty, by Kathy Lalazarian (TED case #404 cross list)
    4. MONO, The Los Angeles Aqueduct and the Owens and Mono Lakes, by Kevin Neal (TED case #379 cross list)
    5. PENAN, The Penan of the Borneo Rain Forest, by Karine Roche (TED case #583 cross list)

ICE Cases, December 2006

    1. TASMANIA, Tasmania and the European Invasion, by Rehan Ali
    2. NIGER-LOCUST, Plagues in Niger, by Christina Kaiser
    3. FRENCH-INDIAN, The French and Indian War and Resources, by Katelyn C. Keegan
    4. NICARAGUA, Environmental Effects of Nicaraguan Armed Conflicts, by Ellie Klerlein
    5. DARFUR, The Darfur Conflict and Drought, by Kathryn Milani
    6. SAUDI-YEMEN, Saudi Arabia and Yemen Border Dispute, by Chris Murphy
    7. DARIEN, The Spillover Effect of the Colombian Conflict: Ecological Damage in the Darién Gap, by Sara Trab Nielsen
    8. ERITREA-ETHIOPIA, Eritrea and Ethiopia Continual Conflict, by Jon Stephenson

ICE Cases, May 2007

ICE Cases, January 2012

ICE Cases, June 2013

ICE Cases, January 2014

ICE Cases, January, 2017